The vaginal flora, or vaginal microbiome , is made up of the beneficial microorganisms that naturally colonize the vagina.
Your health is important if you’re planning to get pregnant, so here are some tips on how to take care of your vaginal flora if you’re trying to get pregnant.
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What is the vaginal flora?
The vaginoma, or vaginal flora , is the set of microorganisms that populate the vagina. We are talking about bacteria -the most numerous and important microorganisms-, fungi and viruses.
The first thing you have to know is that this microscopic colony does not pose any danger to your health when its members coexist in balance.
The most prevalent microorganisms are Lactobacillus , “good” bacteria that produce lactic acid and prevent the proliferation of undesirable microorganisms, protecting vaginal health. Check out more interesting article on out parenting site.
Imbalances in the vagonal flora
When the good bacteria of the vaginal flora are overwhelmed by other harmful ones (anaerobes) an abnormal flow can appear , itching in the intimate area and burning when urinating.
Among the causes that can produce an imbalance in the vaginal flora we find, for example, the use of contraceptives , antibiotic or antifungal treatments, spermicides, excessive intimate hygiene, too tight clothing, stress or hormonal imbalances.
This gives rise to discomfort and irritation that can cause the proliferation of microorganisms that lead to infections such as bacterial vaginosis (produced when there is an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina) candidiasis vaginitis (produced by the Candida fungus ).
An obstacle to pregnancy
It is important to detect any alteration in the microbiome because it decreases the probability of pregnancy , especially at the level of the endometrium since it alters the implantation of the embryo, explains Perla Aldama, a gynecologist at EVA Clinics.
Infection problems in the vaginal microbiome can also become chronic, and pose an obstacle for women who want to achieve pregnancy . As Dr. Aldama explains, we would be talking about any type of vaginal infection that can sometimes ascend to the uterine cavity if left untreated or, as well as their respective treatments, can affect the normal flora, or predispose colonization by other bacteria.
Also for in vitro fertilization
Yet another reason to monitor vaginal health: Altering the microbiome has been shown to decrease pregnancy rates from In Vitro Fertilization by decreasing embryo implantation. It is now being studied, without having yet reached satisfactory conclusions, whether the modification of the microbiome could increase reproductive success.
How to take care of the vaginal flora to achieve pregnancy
As we have seen, if you are looking for a pregnancy, it is important to maintain the good health of your vaginal flora with simple habits such as:
- Do not increase the frequency of washing because we could alter the natural pH, increasing the risk of infections .
- It is not necessary to use special cleaners, washing with water is sufficient. In the case of doing so, use specific gels that do not alter the pH of the area.
- Do not douche.
- Avoid using sponges or mittens in the area.
- Wear cotton underwear, not too tight.
- Dry the area well after bathing.
- When going to the bathroom, wipe from front to back.
- In case there is an imbalance of the vaginal flora, probiotics help to recover it.
- If you do not notice an increase in abnormal vaginal discharge with an abnormal odor and appearance, you should go to the gynecologist.